The Doobie Brothers are an American rock band, best known for hit singles like "Black Water" and "What a Fool Believes". They sold
millions of records throughout the 1970s.
Patrick Simmons in Concert
Singer, guitarist and songwriter Tom Johnston and drummer John Hartman formed the nucleus of what would become The Doobie Brothers. Skip Spence
of Moby Grape had introduced them to one another in 1969, after Hartman arrived in California determined to meet Spence and join his band.
Johnston and Hartman called their fledgling group Pud and experimented with different lineups and styles as they performed in and around San
Jose, California. They were briefly a power trio, and briefly worked with a horn section. In 1970, they teamed up with bass player Dave Shogren
and singer, guitarist and songwriter Pat Simmons. Simmons had belonged to several area bands and also performed as a solo artist. He was
already an accomplished fingerstyle player by the time he joined.
Tom Johnston said in a recent interview: "We got the name from a guy named Keith Rosen. We called him Dyno. He was living in the house on 285
South 12th Street where the band got its start. He came up with the name. We didn't have a name. We were just playing and he said, "Why don't
you call yourselves the Doobie Brothers?".
The Doobie Brothers honed their chops by performing live all over northern California in 1970. An energetic set of demos (some of which were
briefly released on Pickwick Records in 1980 under the title Introducing the Doobie Brothers) showcased fuzz-toned, dual lead electric
guitars, three-part harmonies and Hartman's frenetic drumming and earned the band a contract at Warner Brothers Records.
At this point in their history, the band's image reflected that of their biggest fans (leather jackets and motorcycles). However, the group's
1971 self-titled debut album departed significantly from that image and their live sound of the period. The underrated album, which failed to
chart, emphasized acoustic guitars and frequently reflected country influences. The bouncy lead-off song "Nobody," the band's first single,
has surfaced in their live set several times over the ensuing decades and even appears on the 2004 DVD Live at Wolf Trap.
The following year's sophomore album, Toulouse Street (which spawned the hit singles "Listen To The Music" and "Jesus Is Just Alright"),
brought the band their breakthrough success. The album reflected a quantum improvement in the band's material as well as the quality and polish
of their studio sound. In collaboration with manager Bruce Cohn and producer Ted Templeman, the Doobies had decided to replace Shogren with
singer, songwriter and bass guitarist extraordinaire Tiran Porter and to supplement Hartman's manic drumming with that of technically proficient
Navy veteran Michael Hossack. (Porter and Hossack were both well acquainted with the members of the Doobies and stalwarts of the northern
California music scene.) Pianist Bill Payne of Little Feat contributed his distinctive keyboard stylings for the first time, as well (and added
keys to their studio recordings for many years to come). With a tight new rhythm section and the dual songwriting talents of Johnston and
Simmons, the Doobies' trademark sound (an amalgam of R&B, country, bluegrass, heavy metal and rock and roll) emerged.
A string of hits followed, including Johnston's "Long Train Runnin'" and "China Grove" (from the 1973 album The Captain and Me). Simmons'
signature tune "Black Water" (from 1974's What Were Once Vices Are Now Habits) became the band's first #1 single. These early singles
have become modern rock staples, having earned perennial airplay among today's Classic Rock radio stations. During the recording of Vices,
Hossack departed the band. Drummer, songwriter and vocalist Keith Knudsen was recruited quickly and left with the Doobies on a major tour
within days of joining the band.
Also in 1974, Steely Dan co-lead guitarist Jeff Baxter (nicknamed "Skunk") learned that his band was abruptly retiring from the road. In need
of a gig, he segued into the Doobie Brothers as third lead guitarist in the midst of their current tour. He had previously worked with the band
in the studio, having added pedal steel guitar to both Captain ("South City Midnight Lady") and Vices ("Black Water"). During this
period and for several subsequent tours, the Doobies were often supported onstage by Stax Records legends The Memphis Horns. Live recordings of
the era reflect a high energy, eminently danceable funk sound that was only occasionally heard in their studio output.
Michael McDonald years
By the end of 1974, Johnston's health was suffering from the rigors of the road. He was absent when the band gamely performed in formal wear
on Dick Clark's Rockin' New Year's Eve that December. By then, Stampede had been completed for release in 1975. It featured yet another
hit single, Johnston's rollicking cover of the Holland-Dozier-Holland-written Motown hit "Take Me in Your Arms" (also covered by Blood, Sweat,
and Tears). The song included a blazing, idiosyncratic Baxter guitar solo. With Johnston convalescing and another tour already booked, Baxter
proposed recruiting a fellow Steely Dan alum: singer, songwriter and keyboardist Michael McDonald. Simmons, Knudsen, Porter and McDonald divvied
up and sang Johnston's parts on tour, while Simmons and Baxter shared lead guitar chores.
Under contract for another album, the Doobies were at a crossroads. Their primary songwriter and singer remained unavailable, so they turned
to McDonald and Porter for material to supplement that of Simmons. The resulting album, Takin' It to the Streets, announced a radical change
in their sound. Hard-charging, guitar-based rock and roll gave way to blue-eyed soul/soft rock highlighted with keyboards and horns. Baxter
contributed jazzy guitar stylings reminiscent of Steely Dan. Above all, McDonald's distinctive voice became the band's new signature sound.
Takin' It featured McDonald's title track and "It Keeps You Runnin'," both hits. Their new sound was further refined with their next
album, Livin' on the Fault Line, which featured "Little Darlin' (I Need You)", "Echoes Of Love" (written by Simmons with Al Green in
mind), and "You Belong To Me" (later a hit for McDonald's collaborator Carly Simon). To help promote Fault Line, the band performed
live on the PBS show Soundstage and even appeared (as themselves) in a classic, two-part episode of the series What's Happening!!.
Briefly back in the fold, Johnston contributed one song to Streets. He also made limited live appearances with the band in 1975 and 1976,
documented in a concert filmed at the Winterland in San Francisco (excerpts from which appear occasionally on VH1 Classic). His contributions
to Fault Line were less apparent, although he was credited with guitars and vocals. Before Fault Line's release, Johnston departed
for a solo career that eventually yielded two modestly successful Warner Brothers albums: Everything You've Heard is True and Still
Feels Good. (Johnston's underrated albums were recently reissued on compact disc by Wounded Bird Records.)
After almost a decade on the road, the Doobies' career peaked with the success of 1978's Minute by Minute. It spent five weeks at the
top of the music charts. McDonald's song "What a Fool Believes," written with Kenny Loggins, was the band's second #1 single and earned the
songwriting duo a Grammy Award for Record of the Year. The breezy, McDonald-penned title song received the Grammy for Pop Vocal Performance
by a Group and the album was honored with an Album of the Year nod. Among the other memorable songs on the album were "Dependin' On You"
(co-written by McDonald and Simmons), "Steamer Lane Breakdown" (a Simmons bluegrass instrumental workout) and McDonald's "How Will the Fools
Survive" (featuring an epic, career-defining guitar lead by Jeff Baxter). Nicolette Larson (whose best-known hit was "Lotta Love") and departed
former bandleader Johnston contributed guest vocals on the album.
The success of Minute by Minute was bittersweet, however, because it coincided with the near dissolution of the band. The pressure of
touring while recording and releasing an album each year had worn the members down. Before Minute by Minute's success had become apparent,
Hartman and Baxter exited through the revolving door. Once again, the band was at a crossroads. As the album began to climb the charts and more
touring was demanded, the remaining Doobies (Simmons, Knudsen, McDonald and Porter) decided to forge ahead. In 1979, guitar legend Jeff 'Skunk'
Baxter left the band along with founder drummer John Hartman; the couple was replaced by session drummer and vibraphonist Chet McCracken, and
guitarist John McFee (late of Huey Lewis' early band Clover); multi-instrumentalist, songwriter and singer Cornelius Bumpus was the latest
addition brought to the band line-up. They also elevated their former roadie turned vocalist, songwriter and percussionist Bobby LaKind from
sideman to full member of the band. This line-up toured throughout 1979 and released the album One Step Closer in 1980. The LP featured
the Top Ten hit "Real Love" (not to be confused with the John Lennon composition), but did not dominate the charts and the radio as Minute
by Minute had two years earlier. Long frustrated with the realities of relentless touring and yearning for a stable home life, Porter left
the band during the recording of Closer. Renowned session bassist Willie Weeks stepped in and the Doobies continued touring throughout
1980 and 1981.
By 1982, even Simmons had run out of steam and resigned from the band. Faced with the prospect of calling themselves "The Doobie Brothers" with
no remaining original members, the group elected instead to disband. The reluctant Simmons, already hard at work on his first solo album, was
drafted for a farewell tour on the promise that this truly would be the end. At their final concert in San Francisco, they were joined onstage
by founder Tom Johnston for a raunchy and triumphant rendition of his staple, "China Grove." Porter, Hossack and Hartman subsequently found their
way to the stage for an extended version of "Listen to the Music." Knudsen sang while Simmons, Johnston and McFee traded licks in a free-form
guitar jam. Of all the members through the years, only Baxter and Shogren were absent when the group took its "final" bow. A live album,
Farewell Tour, followed in 1983.
Reunion years and beyond
The Doobies hibernated for the next five years, reuniting in different configurations only for annual Christmas season performances for the
patients and staff at the Stanford Children's Hospital. Simmons released a fine but commercially disappointing solo album, Arcade, in
1983. Knudsen and McFee formed Southern Pacific with bassist Stu Cook of Creedence Clearwater Revival and recorded four albums that found
success in the country charts. McDonald became established as a solo artist. His voice dominated adult contemporary radio throughout the
eighties, though his star faded in the nineties. (He has experienced a renaissance of popularity over the last several years as an interpreter
of Motown classics.)
The reformation of the Doobies was scarcely premeditated. On a personal quest for a worthy cause, Knudsen had become active in Vietnam veterans'
affairs. Early in 1987, he persuaded eleven of the thirteen other Doobie alumni (Johnston, Simmons, Hartman, Hossack, Porter, Baxter, McDonald,
LaKind, Bumpus, McCracken and McFee) to join him for a concert to benefit veterans' causes. There were no surplus bass players, as Weeks had
other commitments and long-absent Shogren reportedly was not invited. They soon discovered that tickets were in great demand, so the "one concert"
quickly evolved into a brief tour. This uber-Doobie lineup was able to perform selections from every album using a smorgasbord of instrumentation
that they could not have previously duplicated onstage. Baxter and McFee played pedal steel and fiddle, respectively, during "Black Water" and
"Steamer Lane Breakdown." Porter got to play selections from One Step Closer, his favorite Doobies album, before a live audience for the
first time. During the rave-up "Without You" from Captain, no fewer than four drummers and four lead guitarists created a magnificent
noise. Producer Templeman, a musician in his own right, banged percussion and LaKind sometimes played Knudsen's trap set while the latter came
to the front of the stage to join the chorus. The tour culminated, sans McDonald, McFee and Knudsen (who had to fulfill previous commitments),
with a performance in Moscow on July 4 before a huge and enthusiastic crowd of music-starved Soviet subjects.
The Doobie Brothers in concert in 2002
The triumphant reunion sparked discussions about reconstituting the band. They eventually decided to replicate the early 1970s incarnation,
settling on a line-up featuring Johnston, Simmons, Hartman, Porter and Hossack plus more recent addition LaKind and released Cycles on
Capitol Records in 1989. It featured a Top Ten single, "The Doctor," which showcased Johnston's distinctive voice and soaring lead guitar, and
appeared calculated to remind listeners of the band's pre-McDonald triumphs. Cycles was certified gold. Bumpus participated as a sideman
in the 1989 tour, adding his distinctive voice, keyboards, saxophone and flute to the proceedings. His presence bridged the gap between the
current band and the McDonald era; he sang lead vocals on the song "One Step Closer" in performance while Simmons took McDonald's part.
The success of Cycles led to the release of 1991's Brotherhood, also on Capitol. By this time, LaKind had been diagnosed with a
terminal illness and had retired from the band. The remaining members grew their hair back out, donned denim and leather, revved up their
ponytickles and rocked out like it was 1970 all over again. In spite of the image makeover and strong material led by Simmons' now trademark
"Dangerous", Brotherhood was unsuccessful. The 1987 uber-Doobie lineup reunited one last time in 1992 to perform a benefit for LaKind's
children shortly before his passing that year.
A brief period of hiatus followed, during which Simmons collaborated with bassist and songwriter John Cowan on a project that remains unreleased.
When the band emerged yet again for a 1993 tour, Porter and Hartman had exited for good but Knudsen and McFee had rejoined as permanent members.
(Porter still performs in and around northern California, occasionally with Moby Grape and regularly with Stormin' Norman and the Cyclones. His
only solo album, Playing to an Empty House, is a rarity worth seeking out. His expressive voice was rarely exploited in the Doobies, and his
talents as a songwriter and lead guitarist were previously unheralded.) With a shot of renewed energy, the band's set list started to change
more often and they experimented with different arrangements of several tunes. They even dipped deeper into McDonald's songbook from time to
time. Bumpus and McCracken stepped in as sidemen on occasion, depending on the band members' schedules and their onstage needs.
Lead Singer Tom Johnston performing with the Doobie Brothers at a concert in 2002
Incessant touring has kept the band's music before its fans consistently since 1993. In 1995, they even persuaded McDonald to hit the road with
them for a co-headling tour with the Steve Miller Band. The "Dreams Come True" tour featured all three primary songwriters and singers and
reflected all phases of the band's storied career. McDonald continues to "stumble onto the stage" with them on occasion, including lucrative
corporate gigs and private parties such as the wedding reception of Liza Minelli and David Gest. A 1996 double live album, Rockin' Down the
Highway: The Wildlife Concert, featured guest star McDonald on three of his signature tunes. Baxter has also sat in with the band during
concerts, and the band have stated that they have an "open door" policy for guest appearances by former members.
In the late 1990s, the current band was forced to obtain an injunction preventing confusing or misleading uses of its name in advertisements
promoting a tribute band featuring McCracken, Bumpus and Shogren. At the time, the Doobies stated that they did not object to musicians trying
to earn a living (or even playing Doobie Brothers music), but only wanted to ensure that fans truly understood who they were paying to see. The
likelihood for confusion was undeniable, as ticket sellers such as Ticketmaster were advertising tickets to see "The Doobie Brothers" on opposite
coasts on the same night. Unfortunately, this unpleasant episode appeared to have burned bridges between the band and the aformentioned former
members (of whom only McCracken survives today).
Rhino Records' 2000 release, Sibling Rivalry, offered the band's first new studio recordings in nine years. The material, which reflected
significant contributions from both Knudsen and McFee, ranged from hard rock and hip-hop to jazz and adult contemporary. Of the reunion albums,
Rivalry sounds best by far. The album sold poorly, victimized by programmed radio formats and declining sales throughout the AOR musical
scene. The band and its supporters felt it did not find the large audience it deserved.
To date, four members of the Doobies family are deceased: percussionist LaKind of cancer in 1992; original bassist Shogren of unreported causes
in 1999; Bumpus of a heart attack in 2004 while in the air on route to California for a solo tour with his trusty saxophone; and Knudsen in 2005
following a lengthy struggle with chronic pneumonia, during which illness he sometimes took the stage in heavy coat and scarf. Former Vertical
Horizon drummer Ed Toth was selected to fill Knudsen's drum seat as the band soldiered on.
Given the history of turnover, the current version of the band has proven to be remarkably stable in its core membership since 1993. It features
only two of the original co-founders, being Johnston and Simmons, and then veteran drummer Hossack, touring guitarist McFee, ably supported by
the vertically and musically gifted Skylark on bass (joined 1995), versatile keyboardist Guy Allison (joined 1997), man of a thousand saxes Marc
Russo (also joined 1997), and new kid on the block Toth on drums (joined 2005). The group continues to tour heavily and remains a popular concert
draw. In addition to their undiminished performance skills, which rely on instrumental prowess rather than prerecorded backing tapes, they are
well known for their philanthropy and willingness to mingle with young and old fans. They have maintained a continuous and active presence on the
Internet through their official website since 1996.
- Guy Allison - keyboards/vocals
- Michael Hossack - drums
- Tom Johnston - guitar/vocals
- John McFee - guitar/string instruments/vocals
- Marc Russo - saxophone
- Pat Simmons - guitar/vocals
- Skylark - bass guitar/vocals
- Ed Toth - drums
Past members and musical contributors
- Jeff Baxter - guitar
- Norton Buffalo - harmonica
- Cornelius Bumpus - keyboards/saxophone/vocals
- John Cowan - bass guitar/vocals
- M. B. Gordy - drums/percussion
- Carlos Guaico - backing vocals
- John Hartman - drums/percussion
- Danny Hull - keyboards/vocals/harmonica/saxophone
- Buck Johnson - backing vocals
- Keith Knudsen - drums/vocals
- Bobby La Kind - percussion
- Andrew Love - saxophone
- Chet McCracken - drums/vibraphone/marimba
- Michael McDonald - keyboards/vocals
- Dale Ockerman - keyboards/vocals/guitar
- Bill Payne - piano/organ/keyboards
- Tiran Porter - bass guitar/vocals
- Tim Shafer - keyboard
- Dave Shogren - bass guitar/vocals
- The Doobie Brothers (1971)
- Toulouse Street (1972) (US #21)
- The Captain and Me (1973) (US #7)
- What Were Once Vices Are Now Habits (1974) (US #4)
- Stampede (1975) (US #4)
- Takin' It to the Streets (1976) (US #8)
- Livin' on the Fault Line (1977) (US #10)
- Minute by Minute (1978) (US #1)
- One Step Closer (1980) (US #3)
- Farewell Tour [Live] (1983) (US #79)
- Cycles (1989) (US #17)
- Brotherhood (1991) (US #82)
- Rockin' Down the Highway: The Wildlife Concert [Live] (1996)
- Best of the Doobie Brothers Live [Live] (1999)
- Sibling Rivalry (2000)
- On Our Way Up (2001)
- Divided Highway (2003) (The songs are taken from the two albums Cycles and Brotherhood.
- Live at Wolf Trap [Live] (2004)
- Best of the Doobies (1976) (US #5)
- Best of the Doobies, Vol. 2 (1981) (US #39)
- Long Train Runnin': 1970-2000 [Box Set] (1999)
- Greatest Hits (2001) (US #142)
- Doobie's Choice (2002)
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